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This months readers puzzle addresses the issue of biologically male trans athletes competing and winning in women’s sports. Transgender weightlifter Laurel Hubbard, who competed in men’s weightlifting before her transition, recently won 2 gold medals and a silver medal in the women’s heavyweight categories at the Pacific Games in Samoa and is set to compete in next year’s Tokyo Olympics. While the Olympics and other sporting organizations have made an effort to be more inclusive of trans athletes, many women’s groups have insisted this is unfair competition. IOC guidelines say any transgender athlete can compete as a woman provided their testosterone levels are below 10 nanomoles per liter for at least 12 months prior to their first competition. Yet scientists say this is still much higher than women’s testosterone levels and does not mitigate natural biological advantages male born athletes have, including bone and muscle density. (https://nypost.com/2019/07/30/transgender-weightlifter-laurel-hubbards-gold-medal-sparks-fierce-debate/).

We ask our readers, should male born athletes be allowed to compete against female born athletes, and if not, what would be a good solution that would maintain the integrity of fair competition while still being inclusive of trans athletes?


Full Citation for this Article: Editorial Board, SquareTwo Journal (2019) "Readers’ Puzzle, Summer 2019: The Issue of Trans Athletes," SquareTwo, Vol. 12 No. 2 (Summer 2019), http://squaretwo.org/Sq2ArticleReadersPuzzleSummer2019.html, accessed <give access date>.

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